Part C (Medicare Advantage Plans)

Optical Series - New Readers

What is a Medicare Advantage Plan (Part C)?

  • A Medicare Advantage Plan (like an HMO or PPO) is another Medicare health plan choice you may have as part of Medicare. Medicare Advantage Plans, sometimes called “Part C” or “MA Plans,” are offered by private companies approved by Medicare.
  • If you join a Medicare Advantage Plan, the plan will provide all of your Part A, Part B, and most have Part D coverage.
  • Medicare pays a fixed amount for your care every month to the companies offering Medicare Advantage Plans. Although these companies must follow rules set by Medicare, each Medicare Advantage Plan can charge different out-of-pocket costs and have different rules for how you get services (like whether you need a referral to see a specialist). These rules can change yearly.

Other types of a Medicare Advantage Plan:

  • Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) Plans
  • Preferred Provider Organization (PPO) Plans
  • Private Fee-for-Service (PFFS) Plans
  • Special Needs Plans (SNP)

There are other less common types of a Medicare Advantage Plan that may be available:

  • HMO Point of Service (HMOPOS) Plans— An HMO plan that may allow you to get some services out-of-network for a higher cost.
  • Medical Savings Account (MSA) Plans – A plan that combines a high deductible health plan with a bank account. Medicare deposits money into the account, and you can use the money to pay for your health care services during the year.

How Much Does a Medicare Advantage Plan Cost?

In addition to your Part B premium, you usually pay one monthly premium for the services included. Each Medicare Advantage Plan can charge different out of-pocket costs.

Your out-of-pocket costs in a Medicare Advantage Plan depend on:

  • Whether the plan charges a monthly premium.
  • Whether the plan pays any of your monthly Part B premium.
  • Whether the plan has a yearly deductible or any additional deductibles.
  • How much you pay for each visit or service (copayments or coinsurance).
  • The type of health care services you need and how often you get them.
  • Whether you follow the plan’s rules, like using network providers.
  • Whether you need extra benefits and if the plan charges for them.
  • The plan’s yearly limit on your out-of-pocket costs for all medical services.

What Does Part C Cover?

  • In all types of Medicare Advantage Plan, you’re always covered for emergency and urgent care.
  • Your Medicare Advantage Plan must cover all of the services that Original Medicare covers except hospice care. Original medicare covers hospice care even if you’re in a Medicare Advantage Plan.
  • Your Medicare Advantage Plan are not supplemental coverage.
  • Your Medicare Advantage Plan may offer extra coverage, such as vision, hearing, dental, and/or health and wellness programs.
  • Most Part C include Medicare prescription drug coverage (Part D).

How Do I Get Part C?

Not all of Medicare Advantage Plan work the same way,  so before you join, take the time to find and compare Medicare Health Plans in your area.  Once you understand the plan’s rules and costs, you may be able to join by completing a paper application, calling the plan, or enrolling on the plans website. Medicare also has information on quality to help you compare plans.

A Few Extra Things You Should Know about a Medicare Advantage Plan

New—Making changes to your coverage after December 31 Between January 1–February 14, 2012, if you’re in a Medicare Advantage Plan, you can leave your plan and switch to Original Medicare. If you switch to Original Medicare during this period, you will have until February 14 to also join a Medicare Prescription Drug Plan to add drug coverage. Your coverage will begin the first day of the month after the plan gets your enrollment form. Call your insurance agent for more information before making any changes to your Part C Medicare Advantage Plan.